BEYOND THE SCREEN

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Thumb 07.section diagram 1 1
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Thumb 10. floor plan 1f
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Thumb 12. floor plan 5f
Thumb 13. floor plan 5fm
Thumb 14. roof plan
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Beyond the Screen is a new type of residential complex, located in Naebalsan-dong, Seoul. The existing condition of this residential neighborhood is no different from most other neighborhoods, with multi-plex housing having held the majority. The aim of this project was to offer a compact spatial richness for living, while finding new architectural solutions in satisfying the specific needs of the user, client, as well as contributing to the improvement of the typically generic townscape so familiar in Korea.

The building sits at a corner condition and is formed by a cutting and shaping of the volume by influences of the site regulations such as setback lines and natural light requirements. The outer appearance is a single mass, however, it is actually two masses bridged by a semi-exterior central stairwell with a unique brick screen to the front and back, forming an H-shaped plan, with a skipped floor structure from the east to west. This five-story building incorporates both residential and commercial functions – the first floor with a café and a piloti parking space, and from the second to fifth floors, four different unit types making up 14 different units in total.

From a user’s perspective, the design took into consideration the following four points: 1. Courtyard: Upon entering the building, one encounters the courtyard with a semi-exterior stairwell that provides access to each of the 14 units, with a unique brick screen to the front and back. This screen filters the view into the building from the front, while allowing for the right amount of natural light and ventilation, creating a far more pleasant atmosphere in and around a stairwell. The sun light that filters through the bricks makes for a lovely courtyard, allowing for an atmospheric transformation throughout the day, every day. 2. Natural Ventilation: By splitting the building into two volumes, it allows all of the units to have 3 open sides, maximizing the natural cross ventilation throughout. 3. Roof Garden: The roof garden is open to the sky, with a parapet wall at full-floor height, creating a private communal space for the residents. 4. Privacy: The brick screen walls, in their orderly staggered stacking construction, allows for privacy from the exterior gaze of the adjacent buildings into the semi-exterior, semi-public core of the building. This filter is applied, not only in the central core zone, but at specific moments where the building closely faces adjacent buildings. This adds to the privacy of each unit, while allowing for the residents of each unit the flexibility in ventilation, allowing each unit to breathe naturally.

The design also takes into consideration the client’s point of view, with an attempt to satisfy cost efficiency and profitability through quality design: 1. Area: The skipped floor structure allows residents to enter their units directly from the stair landings, eliminating unnecessary, dead public hallway space, and maximizing the area for exclusive use. 2. Cost Efficiency: With a limited construction budget, but aiming to satisfy all of the essentials for living, the design of the building and the units focused on only the absolute necessities, without being superfluous with custom materials and built-in furniture, but with quality materials and fixtures that were economical. 3. Unique: In order to provide the client with something new and different from the monotonous characteristics of the area, their needs were met through a quality of design that allows the building to stand apart within the existing streetscape of multi-family housing, both formally and in function, resulting in a new type of residential experience and use.

As designers, there was a need to find a new architectural solution for the unexpected and unplanned, such as the following: 1. Equipment: It is quite common for residential buildings to attach and expose air conditioning equipment on the exterior of the building. In order to keep to the intended design of all four elevations of the building, spaces were allotted for such equipment into the overall plan of the building, as well as an application of the brick screen system for ventilation and air circulation for HVAC. 2. Ad-Hoc Expansion: To avoid illegal additions and extensions to the original design of the building in the future, which is a common practice in Korea, especially to buildings lacking a specific logic, there was a great focus in efficient spatial planning and design to allow for longevity in the initial design intentions and the spatial organization of the building. 3. Harmonized Distinction: A unique design calls attention from its surrounding neighbors and residents in sparking an interest in a new design sensibility, and to form and awareness and appreciation for beautiful buildings and well designed spaces for living. Due to the changes of living patterns in the city, the number of single to double occupancy living units has grown. Rather than contribute to the increase of thoughtless and monotonous residential typology, the focus of Beyond the Screen was to provide new architectural design solutions to improve the quality of compact living through and enrichment of spatial qualities and functions.

오래된 다세대주택들과 신축 빌라가 밀집해 있는 강서구 내발산동의 주거 밀집지역에 자리한 다세대주택이다. 건축주는 임대수익을 올릴 수 있는 다세대주택 설계를 의뢰했다. 우리는 프로젝트를 진행하면서 철거 전 공실로 남아 있는 건물을 임시 설계사무실로 사용하면서 대지가 있는 동네를 면밀히 관찰하는 독특한 경험을 하며 작업을 진행할 수 있었다. 프로젝트는 기존 다세대주택들을 조사하고 문제점을 고찰하는 것부터 시작했다.

다세대주택은 아파트, 단독주택에 이어 한국의 도시 주거 유형 중 세 번째로 많은 유형임에도 불구하고, 개발업자들의 경제적 이익 추구와 서민들의 자가 소유 욕구가 부합해 법의 규제 안에서 최대한의 면적을 확보하며 싸고 빠르게 짓자 식의 양적 성장에만 치중해 왔다. 그 결과, 물리적 환경의 질과 건축적 완성도는 별다른 발전 없이 그대로 머무르고 있는 것이 현실이다.

우리는 작지만 풍요로운 공간과 삶을 제공하는 다세대주택을 짓겠다는 목표를 가지고 작업했다. 건축주와 사용자 그리고 도시미관 측면 등 모두를 만족시킬 수 있는 공간을 만들고자 했다.

북측의 6m 도로와 서측의 4m 도로가 만나는 코너에 자리한 이 건물은 정북 일조사선제한과 도로사선에 의해 생기는 법률적인 한계선에 의해 자연스럽게 형태가 정해졌다. 겉으로 보기에는 하나의 볼륨처럼 보이나, 실제로는 두 개의 매스가 외부계단에 의해 연결되어 있는 H자 형 평면으로 동서 방향으로는 스킵플로어 구조를 취하고 있다. 1층에는 근린생활 시설과 필로티 주차장이, 2층에서 5층까지는 크기와 형태가 다른 총 14세대가 들어간다.

기존의 다세대주택이 가지고 있는 전형적인 평면구성에서 벗어나, 스킵플로어 구조를 취함으로써 복도가 아닌 각각의 계단참에서 바로 세대 진입이 가능하게 하는 새로운 유형을 제시하고자 하였다. 이로 인해 불필요한 공용공간을 줄이고 전용면적을 극대화할 수 있었으며, 또한 벽돌의 비워쌓기 방식을 중정 공간뿐만 아니라 인접건물과 접한 입면, 그리고 설비 시설이 계획되는 곳곳에 적용하여 기능적인 부분 뿐만 아니라 심미적인 부분까지도 모두 만족시킬 수 있도록 했다.

어두침침한 복도를 지나 세대로 진입하는 것이 아닌 계절과 시간의 흐름에 따라 빛과 바람에 의해 다양한 표정이 연출되는 중정 공간을 통해 각 세대로 진입하는 경험을 가지도록 했다. 또한 각 세대는 모두 삼면에 개구부가 생겨 적극적인 자연 환기가 가능하며, 벽돌 스크린은 외부의 시선으로부터 입주민의 사생활을 보호하는 역할을 한다.

수익성과 좋은 디자인을 요구한 건축주의 요구 또한 충족시킬 수 있었다. 도시미관적 측면에서는 추후에 일어날 수 있는 상황들을 미리 예측해 초기 계획 단계에서 충분히 반영해 설계함으로써, 무분별한 설비시설의 노출과 건물의 형태가 확장 변질되는 사항들을 막고 인근 주민으로 하여금 아름다운 건물에 대한 관심을 불러일으킬 수 있게 되었다.


PROJECT : Beyond the Screen
DESIGN PERIOD : 2012.06 - 2012.08
CONSTRUCTION PERIOD: 2012.09 - 2013.02

TYPE : Architecture - Residential, Commercial
LOCATION : Gangseo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
SITE AREA : 215.00㎡
SITE COVERAGE AREA : 128.08㎡
BUILDING-TO-LAND RATIO : 59.57% (Max. 60%)
TOTAL FLOOR AREA : 427.24㎡
FLOOR AREA RATIO : 198.72% (Max. 200%)
BUILDING SCOPE : 5F
STRUCTURE : RC
FINISH : Brick, Dryvit

ARCHITECTS : OBBA (Sojung Lee & Sangjoon Kwak)
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER : THEKUJO (Byungsoon Park)
MEP ENGINEER : Wonwoo Engineering
CONSTRUCTION : YIINSIGAK
PHOTOGRAPHS : Kyungsub Shin
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